Scaling a Collective Land Rights Approach: the role of legal tools in strengthening tenure in Tanzania
This presentation introduced the Certificate of Customary Right of Occupancy (CCRO) as special and a valuable legal tool (approach) for strengthening land tenure, especially for pastoralists and hunter-gatherers whose livelihoods and practices calls for commonly shared resources. This requires a collective property regime tool (CCRO) which effectively formalizes the land rights of vulnerable groups. A CCRO promotes equality by protecting the interests of an entire group, thus strengthening the rights of vulnerable people, women, children and other minorities in a community who share and depend on communal land and its resources. Prior to CCRO all these lands were prone to encroachment and land grabbing. UCRT began to explore the CCRO in 2011 and the first group which benefited were Hunter Gatherers, Hadzabe, in Mbulu, Yaeda Valley. UCRT is the first organization to explore the CCRO for groups for protecting land rights of indigenous people and important biodiversity areas and it is now trying to popularize CCRO by scaling it up to other areas in the landscape.
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Edward Lekaita is practicing lawyer, trained both in Tanzania and South Africa. He Holds Bachelor Degree in Law (LL.B) and Master of Laws (LL.M) in International Trade Law. He is currently a practitioner and an attorney of the High Court of Tanzania. Edward Lekaita, has 7 years of working experience with UCRT and currently works as legal Advisor, Head of Advocacy and WMA Governance Specialist at UCRT.